It was on this day in 1963 that the Red Telephone was put in place. This was no ordinary telephone. It was the hotline between the USA and Russia. But it was a telephone by name only. The leaders of the two superpowers spoke by fax or teletype. They use email nowadays.
It was on this day in 1942 that Kazimierz Piechowski escaped from Auschwitz with and three others disguised as SS officers and in a stolen SS staff car. While a total of 144 escaped, 1.1 million people died in Auschwitz.