New Moon Race

new moon race
Space Race
Chris Stefanis

Chris Stefanis

artist - blogger - author

The Space Race Is Now The Moon Race

The Space Race was during the Cold War between mainly the USA and the USSR. Each “side” tried to continually outdo the other in its achievements with space travel. Russia was first to launch an intercontinental ballistic missile (the R-7) and put the worlds first satellite in orbit.

The Americans are said to have won the space race as they were the first to succeed in landing on the Moon. The space race lasted from 1955 to 1975. We now have a new race being referred to as the  Moon Race. Although East and West are both capable of landing on the Moon, the new objective is to

set up a base on the Moon.

The Moon Race will see a permanent base on the Moon with people living there and conducting experiments. They may set up an observatory but, ultimately, the intention will be to construct spacecraft on the site.

These spacecraft will likely be made on Earth in sections which will be shuttled to the Moon for assembly. This will give them the ability to launch spacecraft from the surface of the moon much easier than possible from Earth due to the escape velocity required being much lower as the Moon’s gravitational pull is only 1/6th of that on Earth.

Man will no longer need to rely on the photographs from probes or vision from rovers on Mars. We will be able to put a Human on Mars and get first-hand information from the planet’s surface.

Space exploration has long been the subject of science fiction movies. It will soon be a reality.

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Asteroid Headed For Earth

Asteroid Headed For Earth
Chris Stefanis

Chris Stefanis

artist - blogger - author

Asteroid Headed For Earth

I have seen at least two movies with the theme of an asteroid heading for Earth. They have both successfully saved the world. But what if it were to really happen?

meteor showers

Scientists have said that if we were to face the prospect of an ELE*, and dealt with the approaching asteroid by blowing it to pieces with nuclear weapons, the effects would be devastating.

The asteroid would, indeed, disintegrate. The pieces would still be highly likely to come into our atmosphere. A large proportion would burn up, but some would still hit the Earth. But worse still, all of the pieces would be radioactive from the nuclear strike, meaning that the entire planet would become radioactive. Not an ideal way to go then.

What they suggest is to send up rockets that would land on the asteroid and fit the asteroid with thrusters, enabling us to alter its course enough to avoid Armageddon.

The second idea is to fit immense sails to it, thus catching the solar winds and again diverting it from Earth.

A third, rather fanciful option if you ask me, is to place a huge magnifying glass between the sun and the asteroid. This would be used to heat the surface of it to a point where it would rupture. This would release gases compressed within the asteroid to vent acting like air escaping a balloon and send it away from us.

Scientific communities have been working on these theories for decades,

Why? Because the possibility of an asteroid is not a question of if, but when. NASA has already stated this.

*Extinction Level Event

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August Is Inventors Month Here Are Some Scottish Inventions

scottish inventions

Today, we will concentrate on Scottish Inventions and Pioneers

Scottish inventions date from as early as the 1700’s. Here are just a few. Some of these are in use every day of our lives.

James Braid published a book on Hypnosis in 1743. He is regarded as the “Father of Hypnosis.” The word hypnosis is from the Greek God Of Sleep, Hypnos.

I must include Alexander Graham Bell who invented the telephone. He also invented hydrofoils, the iron lung and the record player, known originally as the phonograph.

Sri Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin while researching the flu virus. While not really an invention in the true sense of the word, this was an important discovery for the entire world.

Sir James Young Simpson was a pioneer of anaesthesia and was the first to use in childbirth. He was fiercely opposed to this by both his peers and the politicians of the day. He lived from 1811 till 1870.

How about Sir Patrick Manson? He discovered that malaria was transmitted by mozzies. His efforts in the study of tropical diseases led to the London School Of Tropical Medicine being opened.

John Logie Baird, from Dumbarton, invented television in 1926. He was also highly involved in the invention of Radar during the Second World War.

Sir James Dewar was the inventor of the smokeless gunpowder, cordite. Plus something that made the working mans lunch much more enjoyable. The vacuum flask.

Reverend Alexander John Forsyth invented the percussion cap which replaced flintlocks for firing pistols and rifles.

Of course, there is the tarmac that we drive and walk on daily, Invented by John McAdam, a Scottish surveyor who built and managed roads.

Then we have the plastic mac or raincoat invented by Charles Mackintosh. He lived from 1799 till 1843.

I mentioned John Logie Baird earlier who was involved with the invention of radar. The man who truly invented it was Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt. The word RADAR is an acronym for Radio Detection And Ranging system.

I found these facts interesting. I hope you did too.

Apollo 11

Today, in 1969, Apollo 11 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean successfully completing the first manned mission that landed on the Moon.

Nuclear Bomb Devastation

nuclear bomb

Nuclear Bomb Explodes

Japanese authorities issued a statement that several never before used bombs were dropped on them.

Thes USA later said that it was in fact one bomb that was later confirmed to have 60% of the Hiroshima. This 60% included all life. Humans and animals incinerated by the heat generated by the bomb. The date was August the 7th 1945.

A second nuclear bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9th with the same devastation.

Over the next four months a further estimated 146,000 people died in Hiroshima and up to 80,000 in Nagasaki.

nuclear bombs

Project Faultless

For those reading this on a small screen, below is a transcript of the plaque on the notice pictured here.

United States Atomic Energy Commission

Dr Glenn I Seaboard, Chairman

Project Faultless January 19 1968

A nuclear detonation was conducted below this spot at a depth of 3,200 feet. The device, with a yield of less than one megaton, was detonated to determine the environmental and structural effects that might be expected should subsequent higher yield underground nuclear tests be conducted in this vicinity.

No excavation, drilling and or removal of materials is permitted without US government approval within a horizontal distance of 3,300 feet from the surface ground zero location (Nevada state co-ordinates N1.414.340 and E629.000 NYE County, Nevada). Any re-entry into US government drill holes within this horizontal restricted area is prohibited.

What this means to you

So twenty-three years on from the destruction of two Japanese cities, nuclear bombs were still being tested and no doubt advanced in their destructive capabilities.

We have recently seen that the threat of Nuclear War still exists with other nations achieving nuclear weapons construction and testing.

I long for a day when the world becomes united totally with all wealth and warring being unnecessary.

I know it cannot happen in my lifetime. But it needs to occur before we destroy ourselves completely.

What Does The Future Hold? Let’s Hypothesise

the future of humanity

The Future of Humanity

It is a scary thought, but what is the future of Humanity? At least, as we know it now?

You have obviously heard of Global Warming, right? Did you know that if we were to cut out all carbon emissions today, the Greenhouse Effect would continue for possibly hundreds of years?

That’s not to say “Oh sod it. There is no point in even trying” Far from it.

At the rate technology is developing we may well be able to achieve light speed travel giving us the ability to colonise other worlds as yet undiscovered.

Mother Earth will gradually return the atmosphere to pre-industrial quality, and if we have colonised elswhere, an equilibrium will be reached.

Robotics And AI

the future of humanity

There is another version of the future where we continue to implement machines that are autonomous. We already have driver-less buses in operation.

There are even discussions about having so called “Drone Highways” These could perhaps be utilised to deliver mail to offices in the city putting more people out of work.

Machine warfare is becoming a real possibility. There have been drone bombers around since the Second World War. You must admit that behind the scenes it is perfectly feasible for the development of robotic warriors.

Germ warfare is a frightening prospect too. genetic engineering could see a subject born from a test tube with his (or her) genetics engineered in such a way that he could fly into an enemies country and cause a Pandemic on a scale never thought possible.

Alien Life

alien life

With the huge telescopes we now have we are able to see details of nebulae that are nothing short of astounding. But that is not all we are searching for.

Alien life is a reality we have yet to discover. However, it is almost certain to exist.  Are we being watched from afar as in Jeff Waynes War Of The Worlds? What will happen when we are first visited by an alien race?

Will we react in the way we have in the past and try to destroy what we do not understand? Or will we embrace our visitors with open arms and share our knowledge with them?

Always assuming they are friendly of course.

Does Terrorism Have A Part To Play?

The future of humanity is already being altered by terrorism.

For example, the UK now has armed police officers at train stations and large events.

Our governments are being pushed towards a dictatorial style of governing where we will find ourselves routinely stopped for body searches and identity checks.

If you see anything that is not normal for your area, you should report it to the authorities. We would all prefer to have a false alarm than ignore something only to see devastation reported on the evening news

It Does Not Need To Be All Bad News

A Dystopian society where you and I are continually oppressed by martial law is certainly a scenario that could come to pass.

However, it does not need to. We can all make a difference. Lets save our planet one step at a time.

Don’t throw that lolly wrapper out the car window.

Lobby your MP to get the local council to water in the moonlit hours instead of during a blazing hot day. Do your own watering in the same way.

Report suspicious behaviour.

Look out for your older neighbour’s. Just because we are starting to live longer does not mean that someone’s help is not occasionally required.

Donate to a charity of your choice. Mine is the Fred Hollows Foundation.

Compost your own kitchen waste to reduce landfill.  Use it in your garden which will love and  pay you back with high quality tasty produce.

Get some solar panels on your roof if you can afford to. Even with the rubbish rebates of today, you will see a saving.